Arthur J. Rynearson, Legislative Drafting Step-by-Step International Law Institute and Carolina Academic Press (2013)

Don Wallace, Jr.*

Arthur Rynearson’s book is principally intended for, and indeed dedicated to, the professional legislative draftsmen of the United States Congress.  But wittingly, or otherwise, this is a book for almost any lawyer, or non-lawyer, here in the United States or anywhere, interested in constitutions, government, the rule of law, or indeed mental and intellectual clarity.  It is a superb book, whose quality may be obscured by its accurate but modest title.  In this respect, the title reflects the character of the author: a superb craftsman, of deceptively modest demeanor.

I have been an occasional drafter of laws, and observer of the same, in Egypt, Indonesia, Rwanda, Georgia, Qatar, the Caribbean and elsewhere, as well as a longtime delegate to the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) and active in the International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT), bodies often engaged in the drafting of model laws.  In my work, I have also encountered the storied institution of the Parliamentary draftsmen of the British tradition.  In spite of all this and a love of drafting and its central place in the calling that is law, I never truly, or even slightly, appreciated the heights of creative skill, art and learning entailed in the work of the first class legislative drafter.

Arthur Rynearson’s quarter century career as legislative draftsman, ultimately as Deputy Legislative Counsel of the United States Senate, enables him to draw on the experience of drafting literally thousands of legislative instruments for the US Senate.  But the depth and breadth of the work makes it, in my view, of equal value for draftsmen in state and municipal chambers, and for non-Americans, a point that Arthur makes in the book.  He has taught draftsmen from all over the world, notably at the International Law Institute, of which I am Chairman.  In my view the book has a double value for draftsmen from countries with developing legislatures: (i) it instructs in the science and art of drafting; but (ii) and possibly more profoundly, a close study of the book shows the way to the essential elements of a legislature necessary for good laws: professional drafters, respect between drafters and their bosses and partners the legislators and other policy makers, the need for staff and sufficient preparation time, etc.

If you are a contract drafter, or a will drafter as I once was in private practice, you may think you know what drafting is: you draft, you hope the instrument, the deal, the estate plan, holds up, or if not, that a court or arbitrator, applying known canons of construction, will uphold what you have done. Legislative drawing is much more.  It can provide a level of excitement, maybe not known to the rest of us. As Arthur notes, “Time often flies while drafting [legislation]”.

Properly done, well made legislation, quite literally promotes the rule of law and democracy, through transparency if the legislation is clear, accountability through enabling legislative oversight of the executive, due process and legality, if the law is unambiguous and not vague, and constitutionalism by respecting the separation of legislative and executive functions.

Rynearson breaks down the legislative drafting process into five steps: (i) legalize; (ii) formalize; (iii) integrate; (iv) organize; (v) clarify. As you read into each of these, the rich and challenging world of legislative drafting reveals itself.

“Legalize” involves all the expected strictures of good drafting, from proper subject (eg the President), through verb forms and compliance with a sophisticated Constitution.
“Formalize” makes one think about bills, resolutions, and about amendments and the vexations of amending an intricate existing statutory system.
“Integrate” raises questions of just what existing law is being changed, whether  the new and changing language is to be “freestanding” or knitted into the existing language and many such conundrums.  And the reader is reminded of the differences between an Act of Congress, Public Law, the Statutes at Large, the United States Code and suchlike.
“Organize” When one thinks of some of the complex legislation of our time, whether for example the Affordable Care Act or Dodd-Frank, it is clear that organizing and drafting the same can be a formidable task indeed. And we learn about the “Tax Style” of drafting.“Clarify” takes us into the world of ‘intentionalist” and “new textualist” judges, and incidentally assesses the relative merit of “definitions” and “cross-references”.
I cannot begin to do justice, in a short review, of the literally hundreds of fascinating nuggets in this book.  It must be read to learn of them.

There is very a detailed table of contents, a useful index and more than 50 pages of exercises (and answers!).

To conclude: it has been an almost unadulterated pleasure to read this book. I heartily recommend it.


* Professor of Law, Georgetown University Law Center, and Chairman, International law Institute Properly done, well made legislation, quite literally promotes the rule of law and democracy, through transparency if the legislation is clear, accountability through enabling legislative oversight of the executive, due process and legality, if the law is unambiguous and not vague, and constitutionalism by respecting the separation of legislative and executive functions.

Lagos_Leg_Draft_B       Lagos_Leg_Draft_A
Legislative Drafting Participants   Advanced Level Legislative Drafting Program Participants



The International Law Institute was recently requested to conduct multi-level training courses in Legislative Drafting for the Lagos State House of Assembly, Nigeria.  The goal of the training was to increase technical capacity for Assembly Members, support staff and State House administrators.

The two training programs were conducted in June, in Accra, Ghana.  The event was opened and closed by the Speaker of the Lagos State House of Assembly, Rt. Hon. Adeyemi Ikuforiji.

A Basic Legislative Drafting seminar was held from June 3 – 6. Art Rynearson, ILI's Course Advisor for ILI's Workshop on Legislative Drafting and ILI's Advanced Workshop on Legislative Drafting seminar, was facilitator and faculty for the event. Sixty-seven participants attended the event, which included several Honorable Members of the Assembly.  The Basic seminar covered an introduction to legislative drafting and involved over a dozen drafting projects. 

An Advanced Legislative Drafting seminar was held the following week, form June 10 – 13. Tony Coe, faculty in for ILI's Workshop on Legislative Drafting and ILI's Advanced Workshop on Legislative Drafting seminars, was the facilitator and faculty. Twenty-three participants attended this event, including several Honorable Members who also attended ILI legislative drafting programs held in DC, previously. The Advanced seminar examined drafting highly complex legislation.

In addition, coursework on Leadership, Management, and Decision Making was also conducted by the ILI's Executive Director, Ms. Kim Phan.


The International Law Institute (ILI) and the Bangladesh International Arbitration Centre (BIAC) successfully concluded the Trainer of Trainers (TOT) seminar in Dhaka, Bangladesh. The TOT seminar took place on June 9 to 12, in Dhaka, Bangladesh. This is the third and final training in the first phase of the Training in Commercial Arbitration in Bangladesh Project, which aims at increasing the local capacity in commercial arbitration. The program is sponsored by the International Finance Corporation (IFC) and it is part of a series of efforts by the Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs to address the increasing backlog in domestic courts.

During the closing ceremony, the Minister of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs, Barrister Shafique Ahmed, remarked on the importance of this project, helping to solve the problem of “over 2.4 million cases pending in the courts, as at the end of last year.”

The TOT seminar included presentations by all participants in the seminar, under the guidance of international arbitrator David Branson, and ILI´s ADR expert, Carlos Ivan Davila. The presentations were of the highest quality and BIAC may now count on 25 outstanding lawyers who will be able to continue capacity building efforts in arbitration. The ILI will continue to support BIAC, with a new round of trainings in Commercial Arbitration. The ILI recognizes the high quality of the professionals who participated in these trainings, and expects to collaborate in the future with its alumni in Dhaka.


Musisi1   Musisi2

Madam Jennifer Ssemakula Musisi, Executive Director
of the Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA)

      From Left: Charles Ouma, KCCA's Deputy Director for Legal Affairs;
Swithin Munyantwali, Executive
Director, African Centre for Legal
Excellence; Kim Phan, ILI
Executive Director; Madam Jennifer Musisi;
Her Excellecy, Ambassador Oliver 
Wonekha; Prof. Don Wallace,
ILI Chairman; Innocent Silver,
KCCA; and Uganda Embassy Deputy
Chief of Mission,
Alfred Nnam


By: Stephanie Yongzhe Wang June 21, 2013

Madam Jennifer Ssemakula Musisi, Executive Director of the Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA), discussed her recent work in reforming Uganda's capital city of Kampala at a symposium co-sponsored by the International Law Institute and its Uganda affiliate, the African Centre for Legal Excellence (ACLE). The symposium was held at ILI's offices in Washington, DC.

The KCCA is the governing body of the Capital City. It has been responsible for initiating and formulating governance policies and service delivery standards, and monitoring the general administration of the City on behalf of the central government since 2010. Comprised of 344 new professional and qualified staff headed by the Executive Director, the KCCA started the reform with streamlining internal management processes for revenue management, recruitment, and public accountability. "A vibrant, attractive, and sustainable city is the vision," declared Madam Musisi, "and our mission is to deliver quality services in the City."

Prior to her role as KCCA Executive Director Madam Musisi began her career as State Attorney with the Uganda Directorate of Public Prosecutions in the late 1980s. In 1999, she began working at the Uganda Revenue Authority (URA). Madam Musisi is credited with co-authoring the administrative changes which in 2005 culminated in wide reaching URA reforms, in an attempt to rid the agency of corruption. Ms. Musisi rose to the rank of Commissioner of Legal and Board Affairs at URA. Following the expiration of her contract at URA, she retired from the agency in 2010. In April 2011, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni appointed Jennifer to be the first Executive Director of the newly-created KCCA.

Since the appointment in 2011, Madam Musisi has experienced a life full of drama as a resolute reform leader in Uganda. In her speech, Madam Musisi specified the hardships in setting up a brand-new governing institution in Kampala from inception, and the troubles associated with discovering 151 bank accounts left by the former KCC and reduced them to 8. According to Madam Musisi, collecting revenues was not easy especially in countries like Uganda, where financial management systems had broken down and no online financial system had been established yet.

There were, of course, inevitable difficulties in fundamental reform of a city, including rising political tensions due to the change of power structures in the city. This created many political and operational obstacles to the reform process in Kampala. Ignoring countless death threats from time to time, Madam Musisi continues to work long and exhaustive days to keep the new institution and the reform policies functioning well. "There is so much to do," said Jennifer. Nevertheless her adamant determination of restructuring the city has never been influenced. Jennifer's unrelenting focus on installing good and transparent governance, ensuring quality services for citizens of Kampala, and doing so in a non-political manner, while also managing so many obstacles and threats have earned Madam Musisi the moniker as the "Iron Lady of Uganda".

Her efforts have begun to pay off. Madam Musisi happily shared the results that revenue collections increased 100% in the year 2012. Outstanding progress has been also achieved in: road and drainage construction, garbage collection, updating health center and school infrastructures, increasing green spaces, and developing markets and commercial centers.

Ms. Musisi cautioned however that challenges remain in Kampala which include; insufficient funds, misinterpretation of the KCCA Act, politicization of projects, under-staffing within the KCCA, rebuilding the attitudes of the residents in city leadership, and low capacity of private sector to deliver on contracts.

Madam Musisi strongly emphasized the need for international investment and technology to help develop infrastructure and human resource projects in Kampala. Knowledge and technology transfer programs, short-term volunteer placements in engineering, physical planning, education, health, water and sanitation, as well as support to youth and women's programs would be the potential international partnership opportunities highly appreciated by the City.

Present during the symposium were; Ugandan Ambassador to the United States Her Excellency, Ambassador Oliver Wonekha; Deputy Chief of Mission Ugandan Embassy to the US, Alfred Nnam; KCCA's Deputy Director for Legal Affairs, Charles Ouma; senior officials from the US Environmental Protection Agency and US Department of Agriculture. Representatives from the American Bar Association, directors at the ILI, and other legal professionals from DC were also present.

Chairman of the ILI Professor Don Wallace Jr., Executive Director of the ILI Kim Phan, and Executive Director and Co-Founder of the ILI Uganda (African Centre for Legal Excellence) Swithin Munyantwali jointly hosted the symposium.

The symposium happened to fall on Madam Musisi's birthday. As such the symposium was capped off by a spontaneous birthday song sung by all the attendees in good wishes for Jennifer's birthday. In replying to a question of what would be her special birthday wish, Madam Musisi re-emphasized the current entrenched political system in Uganda and wished that reform disagreements and political self-interest could be put aside to focus on promoting and delivering greater benefits to the people of Kampala and throughout Uganda.






The International Law Institute was proud to welcome Ms. Li Shaohua, Deputy Chief Procurator of Shandong Province, accompanied by an esteemed delegation of senior procurators of Shandong province, China.

Ms. Li was accompanied by Mr. Yang Kean, Plan Equipment Finance Dept., Shandong Province; Mr. Gong Shengchang, Chief Procurator, Rizo City, Shandong; Mr. Shao Ruqing, Chief Procurator, Binzhou City, Shandong; Mr. Lin Shuguo, Deputy Chief Procurator, Linyi City, Shandong; and Mr. Yu Jiliang, Administrative Researcher, General Office of the People's Procuratorate of Shandong Province.

The purpose of this conference focused on discussing the basis and establishment of US prosecutorial authorities, management and training; review of various aspects of the US judicial system and regulatory procedures; and to provide a comparative overview of the US prosecutorial system. This meeting was jointly hosted by Robert Sargin, ILI Deputy Director and head of ILI's Asia initiatives, and Dr. James Apple, Chairman and Founding Director of the International Judicial Academy [IJA].

ILI is proud of our continued relationship with the Shandong Procuratorate and other legal institutions within Shandong Province.  It is our sincere hope that our meetings, training opportunities and exchanges within the Shandong government and legal community will provide substantive benefit to these organizations.

Also attending this conference was Mr. Li Huabing, Shandong COGO Business Travel Consultancy; Ms. Zhang Xi, ILI Associate; and Mr. Chou Kuang-Hao, providing translation.

The International Law Institute is very proud to support Law Day at the the Law Library of Congress.  

ILI encourages everyones participation in this special and most important event.


The Movement in America for Civil and Human Rights

May 1, 2013 - 1:00 PM
Law Library of Congress
Free to the Public

Law Day Program Features U.S. Civil and Human Rights - April 1, 2013 by Jeanine Cali

Mark your calendars! In celebration of Law Day 2013, the Law Library of Congress will host "The Movement in America for Civil and Human Rights."

This program is part of the Law Library's annual celebration of Law Day, a national day to celebrate the rule of law and its contributions to the freedoms that Americans enjoy. In 1957, the American Bar Association instituted Law Day to draw attention to both the principles and practices of law and justice. President Dwight D. Eisenhower established Law Day with a proclamation in 1958. For more information on the celebration, visit Margaret's Law Day Guide.

Our event will begin at 1:00 p.m. on Wednesday, May 1, in the Mumford Room, located on the sixth floor of the Library's James Madison Building,101 Independence Ave. S.E., Washington, D.C. The event is free and open to the public; tickets are not required.

The Law Library gratefully acknowledges the Friends of the Law Library of Congress for their support of this program.

Law Day 2013. Design by the American Bar Association.

Carrie Johnson, Justice Correspondent for National Public Radio (NPR), will moderate a panel discussion on the movement in America for civil and human rights and the impact it has had in promoting the ideal of equality under the law in accordance with this year's theme "Realizing the Dream: Equality for All." This year's event is special in that it marks the 150th anniversary of the issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation and the 50th anniversary of the "I Have a Dream" speech by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

In addition to the panel discussion, the first draft of the Emancipation Proclamation, handwritten by President Abraham Lincoln, will be placed on rare display at the close of the program for thirty minutes. The draft document was first read by President Lincoln to his cabinet on July 22, 1862.

During the centennial of the Emancipation Proclamation, Dr. King delivered his famous speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial on August 28, 1963. Having reread the speech recently, I was struck by the following passage as it relates to this year's program.

"In a sense we have come to our nation's capital to cash a check. When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. This note was a promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed the unalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness."

As a nation, are we living up to the rights expressed by President Lincoln and Dr. King? Are all citizens treated equally under the law? What are the next frontiers for civil rights and human rights? These questions and more will be discussed by our distinguished panelist – Sherrilyn Ifill, President & Director-Counsel, NAACP Legal Defense & Educational Fund, Inc.; Jeffrey Rosen, Professor of Law at The George Washington University and Legal Affairs Editor of The New Republic; Risa L. Goluboff, Professor of Law and History at the University of Virginia and Scholar in Residence at the John W. Kluge Center in the Library of Congress; and Kirk Rascoe, Director of Opportunity, Inclusiveness, and Compliance at the Library of Congress.

Remember to follow us on Twitter: @LawLibCongress leading up to and during the event, using #LawDay.


leg drafting             Art_Rynearson
Legislative Drafting Step-By-Step   Arthur Rynearson


The International Law Institute is pleased to announce the co-publication, along with Carolina Academic Press, of Legislative Drafting Step by Step, by Arthur J. Rynearson.

For 26 years, Arthur Rynearson worked at the non-partisan Office of Legislative Counsel of the United States Senate as a professional drafter of legislation, turning policy proposals into bills drafted to fit seamlessly into the existing body of law. When he retired, the Senate passed a resolution commending his exemplary service as "the primary drafter of all legislation relating to international relations, international security, immigration, and the State Department, and all matters related to Senate consideration of international treaties."

Drawing on his expertise as a legislative drafter, the author has written a book designed to teach and illustrate the best practices in legislative drafting, and how to avoid drafting pitfalls which may end up in legislation that is ambiguous or confusing.

Arthur Rynearson serves as course advisor and principal lecturer for ILI's programs: Workshop on Legislative Drafting and Advanced Workshop on Legislative Drafting. He also serves as a key instructor in ILI's program on Legislative Strategic Planning and Management. 

Mr. Rynearson teaches and consults domestically on state and national legislative matters.

Mr. Rynearson also travels to share his experience and technical knowledge internationally. Recently, in conjunction to with ILI special program initiatives, Mr. Rynearson conducted specialized training for Members of the Lagos State Assembly on Legislative Strategic Management, customized to fit the needs of the State Assembly. Mr. Rynearson also conducted a workshop on legislative drafting for the National Institute for Legislative Studies, the training institute for the Nigerian National Assembly.


AR_Constitutional_Reform_Committee                     AR_LEG
Nigerian Senate Constitutional
Reform Committee
  International Conference on Law Reform
and Law Making Process, Abuja, Nigeria 

ILI is very proud of our relationship with Mr. Rynearson and is very thankful for his generous sharing of knowledge and practical solutions in the most important role of drafting of law.

spoke with Mr. Rynearson on the release of his forthcoming publication, Legislative Drafting Step by Step:


Why did you write Legislative Drafting Step-by-Step?

  AR:   Two reasons, closely related, drove me to write the book. First, I wanted to pass on to beginning and intermediate-level drafters the skills and best practices that I acquired over more than 25 years as a professional legislative drafter in the U.S. Senate. Second, I wanted to fill the knowledge gap, and remove the fears, of many legislative staffers about legislation and legislative drafting. Only by understanding the basics of legislative drafting can a legislative staffer hope to collaborate effectively with veteran drafters to produce well-written legislation. In short, the book aims to make a contribution towards legislative capacity-building. The methods and practices described in the book are not confined to the U.S. Congress, but may be applied to any democratic legislature. This is entirely in keeping with ILI's rule-of-law mission.
How do you see the book being used?

  AR:   In two ways: The book can be read cover-to-cover, since it provides a comprehensive framework of analysis for converting legislative policy proposals into a bill, resolution, or amendment.  But it may also be used as a reference work in which the reader can research particular drafting issues to see how I would approach them. Either way, I would encourage every reader to try the drafting exercises in the book and test their writing skills.
How is Legislative Drafting Step-by-Step different from other books on the topic?

  AR:   The book is unique in that its 5-step approach to drafting legislation is exclusively my own, but also because the connections drawn between well-written legislation and rule-of-law values represent my own thinking. The book is, hopefully, concise, easy-to-understand and user-friendly, with many illustrations and examples to illuminate the text. This helps make the book different from other drafting manuals.
Does the reader need any background in drafting legislation in order to profit from reading the book?


No. Legislative Drafting Step-by-Step does not require the reader to have any prior experience with legislative drafting. Each chapter begins with basic information on the topic, becoming progressively more technical and detailed. So the book serves both as an introduction to legislative drafting and also to provide additional layers of understanding for intermediate-level drafters. The book not only teaches drafting techniques, but also explains the reasons behind the techniques, of which some drafters are unaware.

The book is designed to assist anyone who is handling legislation or statutes, so the readership should be quite broad, encompassing not just legislators and their staffs, but also lobbyists, lawyers in private practice, and law professors teaching statutory law. The book also describes how statutory law fits into our constitutional system. The subject of statutory law is overlooked by many law schools, and many lawyers are not skilled at using statutes. They should benefit from reading the book.

Will the book be useful in connection with other legislative systems besides the U.S. Congress?

  AR:   Absolutely. The book attempts to demonstrate that drafting techniques cannot be taught in a vacuum. There is a relationship between well-written legislation and certain enduring rule-of- law values such as transparency and accountability. These are universal values which should be embedded in the legislation of any democracy. It is my belief that foreign legislators and legislative staff, particularly in emerging democracies, can benefit from the book just as well as legislators and their staffs in the U.S. Congress. Legislative Drafting Step-by-Step is an effort to enhance legislative capacity-building without regard to a particular legal system, so long as it is democratically based. 
What do you wish readers to take away from Legislative Drafting Step-by-Step?


First, I want readers to learn the best practices in writing legislation. I also want readers to become aware that sound drafting practices and rule-of-law values go hand-in-hand. To draft legislation that is not transparent or that does not promote accountability is to draft legislation poorly. And there are other democratic, rule-of-law values discussed by the book that are equally important.

Legislative Drafting Step by Step is available for purchase through Carolina Academic Press, and should be released during May, 2013.  Learn More or Purchase HERE.

External Link: Arthur Rynearson - Biography




From left, Sabur Khan, DCCI president; Toufiq Ali, Chief Executive of Bangladesh
International Arbitration Centre (BIAC);Rokia A Rahman, MCCI President; Shafique Ahmed,
Law Minister; Latifur Rahman, Member of BIAC Council and Chairman of Transcom
Group; Kyle Kelhofer, Country Manager of IFC; Carlos Davila, Program Manager, ILI
lead the Commercial Arbitration program.


The ILI and the Bangladesh International Arbitration Centre (BIAC) organized the first seminar on commercial arbitration in Dhaka, Bangladesh. The seminar took place in January 2013.

The seminar was sponsored by the Minister of Law; Justice and Parliamentary Affairs of Bangladesh; and the International Finance Corporation (IFC) as part of an initiative to alleviate the growing backlog of cases in local courts and to expedite adjudication of commercial disputes. The trainingr was offered as part of a more comprehensive program which will include the training of a local arbitrators and training for judges who have jurisdiction over arbitration.

The training was attended by 65 professionals from the business community in Bangladesh, including prominent lawyers, bankers, accountants, engineers, distinguished business executives and other members of civil society.

The program was inaugurated by the Minister of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs, Barrister Shafique Ahmed.

The opening ceremony included a welcome Chief Executive of BIAC, Dr. Toufiq Ali; remarks by the Chairman & CEO of Transcom, Latifur Rahman; IFC Country Manager, Kyle Kelhofer; President of the Metropolitan Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Dhaka (MCCI), Rokia Afzal Rahman; President of Dhaka Chamber of Commerce & Industry (DCCI), Md. Sabur Khan; and Carlos Ivan Davila, Program Manager from the ILI.


Related Articles:

National News Organization of Bangladesh:
The Financial Express:
The Daily Star:




ILI_Turkey-1    ILI_Turkey-2    ILI_Turkey-3
Honored Guests, ILI-Istanbul
Leadership, Faculty and Supporters
gather at the inception of
ILI's newest institute in
Istanbul, Turkey
Ümit Hergüner Founding Partner
Hergüner Bilgen Özeke Attorney Partnership;
Ambassador Bilge Cankorel of Turkey;
Prof. Don Wallace, Jr, Chairman of ILI;
Turgut Tarhanli, Dean of Bilgi Law School
Ümit Hergüner, formally announces
the formation of ILI-Istanbul


The International Law Institute (ILI), together with Istanbul Bilgi University and the Corporate Governance Association of Turkey (TKYD) proudly launched the newest ILI regional center in Istanbul, Turkey.

The launch event took place at Istanbul Bilgi University and attracted law professionals, academicians and national media. Chairman of ILI, Prof. Don Wallace, was one of the speakers at the event and stated: "I am very pleased to participate in this launch of our regional center in Istanbul. ILI has trained approximately 30,000 individuals-lawyers, civil servants, engineers and managers, judges and young academicians-over the years. Our Istanbul institute will have its own board, and is intended to serve not only Turkey but the countries within the region."

Ümit Hergüner, founding partner at Hergüner Bilgen Özeke Attorney Partnership and a driving force in creating the regional center, also shared his views. So too did Javade Chaudhri, Executive Vice President of Sempra Energy, who served as principal instructor at one of the regional center's first courses being given at the time of the launch, on the subject of "Board Development and Independent Board Members."

It is intended that ILI's Istanbul regional center will serve the needs of participants in Turkey, as well as participants from neighboring countries and in the Balkins, Caucasuses, Central Asia and the Middle East. ILI's programs, generally intended for government officials, practitioners and the private sector, cover a wide variety of issues relevant to good governance and the rule of law. Some of the courses that will be undertaken by the Istanbul center include international procurement, international trade, project financing and management, arbitration and mediation, court administration, and capital market regulation. TKYD, which participated in the launch, is serving as ILI's partner in organizing the regional center and has helped ILI in planning and conducting its initial programs at the center. ILI is organizing strategic plans which will allow the center to eventually operate independently of TKYD.

ILI offers training to assist government officials, practitioners and the private sector in finding solutions to the legal and economic challenges faced by emerging economies. ILI participants are exposed to best practices in good governance, management, and transparency standards that will give them the tools to improve the performance of government agencies, promote public accountability in government and achieve economic growth.

ILI currently has global affiliates in Uganda, Nigeria and Chile, among other places. Participants from over 185 countries have been trained over the years by ILI and its affiliates. In teaching its courses ILI relies on a network of hundreds of prominent legal practitioners, government officials and academicians who are among the leading experts in their fields.



istanbul-Bilgi-Universitesi-logo      logo      TRKIYE1




The International Law Institute is pleased to have the opportunity to continue to expand our cooperative relationship with central and provincial governments in China.

Since 1978, ILI has worked closely with China to provide technical assistance, capacity training support and expert exchanges. ILI has since been recognized by China's State Administration for Foreign Expert Affairs as a trusted and qualified training provider for government and non-government programs to train both in China and to receive delegations at our facilities in Washington, DC.

ILI is proud of our long history with China and remains committed to provide further support.


During 2012 ILI received the following delegations for training:




Shandong_2012_USTR    Shandong_2012_Group_Photo    Shandong_2012_Axxin-Bednarek

Zhao Chunyong and the delegation
discuss trade issues
with members
of the Office of the US Trade

Shandong Delegation at US Department of State Reception
Delegates complete trade studies and
mock hearing with
Michael Bednarek
at Axxin, Veltrop Harkrider.


The International Law Institute is proud to host the second lawyer delegation from Shandong Province, China participating in the International Law Institute's program on Training and Internships in International Trade Law and Economic Integration. The first delegation concluded at the start of 2012.  Our second program extended from September to December 2012.

This 3-month program was specially designed by the ILI and the Department of Human Resources and Social Security of Shandong Province.  This training provides the delegation a unique opportunity to study WTO and International Trade Law, International Investment Agreements and State Dispute Arbitration, Commercial Law, US Legal System as well as internships in Washington, DC law firms.

The delegation was headed by Zhao Chunyong (Shandong Bridge Law Firm) and included Liu Jianyong (Shandong Zhongcheng Renhe Law Firm); Guan Baikui (Shandong Qingda Zehui Law Firm); Zhou Baoqin (Shandong Fortune Law Firm); Sun Hui (Shandong Bohanyuan Law Firm); Li Changying (Shandong Liwei Law Firm); Lu Xinhua (Shandong Pingzhengda Law Firm); Meng Zhaoze (Shandong Kechuang Law Firm); Shi Guangbo (Shandong Zhongcheng Renhe Law Firm); Wang Liang (Shandong Kangqiao Law Firm); Wang Xinhua (Shandong Tongcheng Law Firm); Wang Jian (Shandong Qina Law Firm); Shandong Qihai Law Firm; Wang Ning (Shandong Qingdao Law Firm); Wang Xianrong (Shandong Guoyao Law Firm); Xiao Huilong (Shandong Qingtai Law Firm); Yang Fan (Shandong Ya & Tai Law Firm); Zhang Xuping (Shandong Guojie Law Firm); Zhang Hongtao (Beijing Dacheng Law Firm); Zhang Guomeng (Shangdong Hero Law Firm); and Zhao Kaiyong (Shandong Zhongcheng Renhe Law Firm)

Many law firms, organizations and government offices contributed to this training program. Some of those contributing law firms which we are indebted to for their collaboration include: Winston Strawn, Sherman and Sterling; Akin Gump; Axinn, Veltrop, Harkrider; Meyer Brown; Holland & Knight; Alston & Bird; Nelson Mullins Riley & Scarborough; Paul Hastings; Grundfeld, Desiderio, Lebowitz, Silverman & Klestadt; Kirstein & Young; Chadbourne & Parke; Kalik Lewin; Thompson O'Donnell; Adduci, Mastriani & Schaumberg; Bailey Law; Appleton Luff; Stevens Lee; and Sidley Austin.

ILI also thanks members the US Trade Representative's Office; US International Trade Commission; US House of Representatives; US Senate; US Department of Commerce ; US Department of Justice; the International Center for the Settlement of Investment Disputes and Georgetown University Law School for their contributions.

ILI wishes to thank these firms (and the many others not listed) in providing technical expertise for the Shandong lawyers.  This program is led by Robert Sargin, ILI Deputy Director and Patrick Macrory, Director of ILI's International Trade Law Center. Programs were expertly supported by Ms. Lin Zhang, Ms. Chongxiao Liu and Ms. Tingting Li.

It is our continued hope that our training program will assist the delegation to better advise and represent trade efforts in Shandong Province.





Party_Historian-US_Senate-2012    Party_Historian-US_Archives_-2012    Party_Historian-US_Fed_Courts-2012
Historians Meet with US Senate Archivist
CCCPC Historians at US National Archives
Historians Meet with US Federal Courts


The Party Historian Delegation was comprised of senior administrators and researchers from the China National Party departments and officers of the Party History departments. This office takes the responsibility of writing the official version of party history and leading the work of the national party system.

Principal duties of this delegation include documenting, archiving and studies in China party history both domestically and internationally.

Training focused on U.S archiving methodologies; Collecting, recording and releasing information; US methodologies of collecting and preserving China history; Role of Media and independent sources in collecting, reporting and archiving government and US parties histories; Technical Means and Standards of government archiving.

Supporting ILI in this training and providing technical experts included David Schambaugh from George Washington University; specialists from the US Library of Congress; US Senate Archivists; US National Archives; Administrative Office of the US Courts.





Guizhou_SOE-Macrory-2012     Guizhou_SOE-Swiercz-2012    Guizhou_SOE-Meyer-2012
Guizhou SOE Delegations discusses
WTO Obligations with
Macrory, ILI Center Director -
International Trade

Xue Baojun, Deputy Director of State
Owned Supervision
and Administration
Commission of Guizhou Province,
Prof. Paul Swiercz a gift after his lecture.

Prof. Marshall Meyer of Wharton School
of Business discusses international market
strategies and case studies with the
SOE delegation.


The delegation is made up by government officials and senior managers of leading state owned enterprises from Guizhou province.

The training objective focused on discussions concerning Strategic Enterprise Management and Global Strategies. Specific discussions focused on the application of strategic planning and management, scientific management methods in international development strategy, human capital management, corporate reforms and the role of State Owned Enterprises in the WTO.

ILI wishes to thank contributing members Jeffery Lenn, Paul Swiercz and Ernest Forman each from George Washington University School of Business; David Robinson, SAP AG; Patrick Macrory, ILI Center Director of International Trade Law; and Prof. Marshal Meyer, Wharton School of Business for their gracious contributions to this program and to this important delegation.





Represented by several Chinese government ministries and state-owned enterprises. This delegation arrived to the US under a program funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency (USTDA).  Their program is being coordinated by the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) and the Department of Commerce. 

The purpose of this visit is to educate representatives on U.S. government procurement policies and procedures with the ultimate goal for China to accede to the WTO Government Procurement Agreement on acceptable terms. 

ILI met and discussed with the delegation on programs available to Chinese government staff on public procurement administration, laws, standards, international standards, government transparency and WTO requirements. 





Guangxi-World_Bank_2012     Guangxi-US_Capital_2012

Marc Juhel, Sector Head – World Bank
Global Highway Safety 
Bank initiatives and standards
with Guangxi
Highway Safety Delegation

Guangxi Highway Safety at US Captial


Comprised of members of the Highway Road Construction Technology and Management this delegation was sponsored by the Transportation Investment Group in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.

The delegation's organizations are responsible for 21 highways currently under construction, valued at approximately $23 Billion (USD), making this delegation responsible for the tremendous public assets and for providing great social and economic development impact for Guangxi province.

Training focused on new methodologies utilized in US highway safety, planning and fulfillment; Legislation and funding sources; Division of responsibilities and authorities: Local v. State v. Federal Controls, Planning, Funding; Road Management Systems specializing in the reduction of accidents; Improved highway management and service; Increasing quality to users; Maximization of economics; Road Construction – [Project Management, Cost Controls, Quality Controls, Public Private partnerships]; Maintenance; Scientific Design Concepts of Highways focus on Safety and Reliability; Design/Build Public Transportation – Large Scale Projects ; External Technologies and Products to increase Safety; Traffic Control and Emergency/Temporary Traffic Control Systems; Security - Surveillance – Monitoring Systems; Weather related safety policies, systems and equipment.

Special acknowledgements are extended to Graham Meyers, VDOT engineering consultant; US House of Representatives, Committee on Transportation; Marc Juhel, Sector Head – World Bank Global Highway Safety Initiatives; Donald Karol, Director of Highway Safety – National Traffic Safety Board; and the International Road Federation.


ILI wishes to extend special gratitude to Beijing Future Land Information and Consulting Co. Ltd; Ms. Lin Zhang, Ms. Chongxiao Liu, Ms. Tingting Li, Ms. Shuwo Zhou, Ms. Xiaowei Song and the Office of Congress Person Eleanor Holmes Norton for their contributions to each of our 2012 programs. ILI's China initiatives are led by Robert Sargin, ILI Deputy Director.