The ILI has established an International Trade Law Center to assist countries in participating effectively in the WTO and the markets it creates. The Center provides advice to national governments on establishing the legal and administrative structures necessary to comply with their obligations under the WTO agreements, as well as advice on issues relating to dispute resolution. An important component of the Center's activities is in-depth training of individuals in government, in business, and in professional practice with respect to the WTO rules, procedures, and practices. Each course and consultation program -- especially those relating to compliance and law reform -- is built by reference to the specific legal institutions and level of legal development of the country for which the services are being provided, as well as the specific needs and challenges faced by that country in participating effectively in the rule-oriented trading system.



• Training more than 250 Chinese judges on WTO

• Assisting the Government of Armenia in developing trade policies and implementing the WTO Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade

• Assisting the Government of Jordan to draft its final offer to the WTO regarding the GPA

• Offering a course on trade agreement monitoring and compliance five times a year at the U.S Foreign Service Institute

• A six-month training program for a group of Chinese lawyers from Zhejiang Province focusing on trade and commercial law

• A six–month training program for a Ministry of Justice of Vietnam's lawyer delegation on international economic integration

• Assisting Zambia with its Trade Policy Review



More than 153 governments have signed the agreement establishing the World Trade Organization, committing themselves to comply with a large body of complex rules and procedures that regulate the actions of national governments affecting international trade. A continuing work program is under way in the WTO on important topics such as competition policy. Every country expecting to gain the benefits of WTO membership will in turn be expected to comply with its obligations under the WTO agreements and to implement them effectively through changes in its domestic laws, institutions, and administrative practices. Each country will also want to take steps, when necessary, to insure compliance by other countries.

Beyond the WTO - The last decade or so has seen an explosion in the number of regional trade agreements - mostly free trade areas and customs unions – and this trend is likely to continue even if the Doha Round of multinational trade negotiations is successfully concluded.




Negotiating Trade Agreements

• Agreements of accession to the WTO, General Trade Agreements and·Regional Trade Agreements



Ensuring that the country's domestic laws and administrative practices are consistent with WTO obligations on matters such as:

• Tariffs and quotas

• Administration of customs laws

• Government subsidies, anti-dumping, countervailing duties and other trade remedies

• Technical standards for industrial and agricultural products

• Intellectual property protection

• Understanding and utilizing special provisions in the WTO designed to enhance the trade opportunities for developing country members
while they make domestic adjustments for integrating into the rule-based trading system


Law Reform

Improving the country's efficiency and competitiveness in the global marketplace by revising laws and regulations governing business activity, including:

• Laws regulating foreign investment

• Government procurement laws and anti-corruption measures




Jean Anderson, Weil, Gotshal & Manges

Richard Bernal, Director General, Caribbean Regional Negotiating Machinery

Lilia Bautista, former Senior Undersecretary and Special Trade Negotiator, Department of Trade and Industry, Philippines

Richard Cuningham, Steptoe & Johnson

Esperanza Durán, Director, Agency for International Trade Information and Cooperation

William Eberle, former Special Trade Representative for Trade Negotiations

William Frenzel, Brookings Institution, former member of Congress

Jonathan Fried, Assistant Deputy Minister, Trade and Economic Policy, Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade

Allan Gotlieb, former Canadian Ambassador to the United States

Spencer Griffith, Akin, Gump, Strauss Hauer & Feld

Gary Horlick, Wilmer Hale

Gary Hufbauer, Vice President, Director of Studies, Council on Foreign Relations

Robert Litan, Director of Economic Studies, Brookings Institute

Donald MacDonald, former Finance Minister of Canada

Mark McConnell, Hogan & Hartson

Mike Moore, former Director-General, WTO

Renato Ruggerio, former Director General, WTO

Harry Schwarz, former South African Ambassador to the United States

Andrew Shoyer, Sidley Austin

Jaime Serra Puche, former Secretary of Commerce of Mexico

Peter Sutherland, former Director General, WTO

Alan Sykes, Professor, University of Chicago Law School

Zhang Yuqing, former Director of Treaties and Law, Ministry of Commerce, China

Arthur Appleton, Appleton Luff, Geneva

Robert E. Herzstein, former Under Secretary of Commerce for International Trade (Chairman)

Don Wallace, Jr., Chairman of the Board, International Law Institute, Professor of Law, Georgetown University Law Center




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Patrick Macrory
International Trade Law Center
International Law Institute

The Foundry Building
1055 Thomas Jefferson St, NW
Washington, DC 20007 USA
Tel: (202) 247-6006
Fax: (202) 247-6010
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.